The Road to Resilience…..
Resilience was defined by most as the ability to recover from setbacks, adapt well to change, and keep going in the face of adversity (Ovans, 2015).
Yet people generally adapt well over time to life-changing situations and stressful conditions. What enables them to do so? It involves resilience, an ongoing process that requires time and effort and engages people in taking a number of steps.
The information within describes resilience and some factors that affect how people deal with hardship.
What is resilience?
Research has shown that resilience is ordinary, not extraordinary. People commonly demonstrate resilience. One example is the response of many Americans to the
terrorist attacks and individuals' efforts to rebuild their lives.
Being resilient does not mean that a person doesn't experience difficulty or distress.
Emotional pain and sadness are common in people who have suffered major adversity or trauma in their lives. In fact, the road to resilience is likely to involve considerable emotional distress.
Resilience is not a trait that people either have or do not have. It involves behaviors, thoughts and actions that can be learned and developed in anyone.
Strategies For Building Resilience
Developing resilience is a personal journey. People do not all react the same to traumatic and stressful life events. An approach to building resilience that works for one person might not work for another. People use varying strategies.
Some variation may reflect cultural differences. A person's culture might have an impact on how he or she communicates feelings and deals with adversity — for example, whether and how a person connects with significant others, including extended family members and community resources. With growing cultural diversity, the public has greater access to a number of different approaches to building resilience.
Someone was hurt before you, wronged before you, hungry before
you, frightened before you, beaten before you, humiliated before
you, raped before you? yet, someone survived? You can do
anything you -choose to do. -Maya Angelou
10 ways to build resilience
Certain goals may no longer be attainable as a result of adverse situations. Accepting circumstances that cannot be changed can help you focus on circumstances that you can alter.
Develop some realistic goals. Do something regularly — even if it seems like a small accomplishment — that enables you to move toward your goals. Instead of focusing on tasks that seem unachievable, ask yourself, "What's one thing I know I can accomplish today that helps me move in the direction I want to go?"
People often learn something about themselves and may find that they have grown in some respect as a result of their struggle with loss. Many people who have experienced tragedies and hardship have reported better relationships, greater sense of strength even while feeling vulnerable, increased sense of self-worth, a more developed spirituality and heightened appreciation for life.
Developing confidence in your ability to solve problems and trusting your instincts helps build resilience.
Even when facing very painful events, try to consider the stressful situation in a broader context and keep a long-term perspective. Avoid blowing the event out of proportion.
An optimistic outlook enables you to expect that good things will happen in your life. Try visualizing what you want, rather than worrying about what you fear.
Pay attention to your own needs and feelings. Engage in activities that you enjoy and find relaxing. Exercise regularly. Taking care of yourself helps to keep your mind and body primed to deal with situations that require resilience.
For example, some people write about their deepest thoughts and feelings related to trauma or other stressful events in their life. Meditation and spiritual practices help some people build connections and restore hope. The key is to identify ways that are likely to work well for you as part of your own personal strategy for fostering resilience.
American Psychological Association (APA). (n.d.). The road to resilience. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/road-resilience.aspx
Ovans, A. (2015, January 5). What Resilience Means, and Why It Matters. Retrieved from https://hbr.org/2015/01/what-resilience-means-and-why-it-matters
APA is the leading scientific and professional organization representing psychology in the
, with more than 115,700 researchers, educators, clinicians,
consultants and students as its members. United States
APA, located in
, is the leading
scientific and professional organization representing psychology in the Washington, D.C. . APA works to advance psychology as a science and profession and as a
means of promoting health and human welfare. United States